Bitcoin Wiki

reddit Rot-Weiß-Rot

Subreddit für Österreicher und Austrophile, alles mit Österreichbezug ist hier gern gesehen. Subbreddit for Austrians and Austrophiles, everything relevant to Austria is encouraged here.
[link]

The personal subreddit of Dr. Will Powers

Dr. William Powers - Family Physician, LGBT care, Transgender Specific Care Dr. Powers can't respond to PM's anymore on literally any platform. He's overwhelmed, and you guys send him 50-100 a day. Please stop, they are ignored. If you want to ask him a question, post in this subreddit and he will do his best when he has time. The peanut gallery tends to chime in a lot though for things he has commonly spoken on. Be excellent to each other.
[link]

Why did I build AmputatorBot?

Why did I build AmputatorBot?
AmputatorBot.com | Remove AMP from URLs in just one click! - More info
Open-sourced on GitHub - More info
Summon AmputatorBot by mentioning it like this: u/AmputatorBot

Why AMP is a threat to the Open Web

What is AMP?
AMP is an open-source web component framework developed by the AMP Open Source Project, first announced by Google in 2015 as a reaction to Facebook’s Instant Articles and Apple News. While it was originally aimed at accelerating mobile pages (hence AMP), it’s now a much broader project aimed at improving the UX of websites, stories, ads and mail. The AMP framework consists of three components: AMP HTML, which is standard HTML markup with web components; AMP JavaScript, which manages resource loading; and AMP caches, which serves and validates AMP pages.
In plain English: AMP is Google’s attempt at making pages (and more) faster. They did a good job, pages built with the AMP framework will normally load faster. However, as this article explains, you won’t notice much of a difference unless the AMP library is served using the AMP cache, but more on that later.
The controversies with cached AMP pages
The AMP format is itself not much of a problem. In fact, we should applaud search engines that give ranking preference to fast-loading pages like AMP, but four aspects of its implementation are flawed:
  1. Google mobile Search’s Top Stories carousel has a premium position above of all other results, which is only accessible for AMP pages. These pages have to use a technology that was build and maintained mostly by Google (of the top 10 contributors to the AMP project on GitHub, 9 are Google employees), are then served by Google from their infrastructure and placed within a Google controlled user experience. And since this carousel generates a lot of clicks and revenue, publishers are left no choice but to embrace AMP. This has the effect of further reinforcing Google’s dominance of the Web. Fortunately, Google has announced that it's working on opening up the Top Stories carousel to non-AMP pages in 2021.
  2. The biggest performance boost doesn’t come from the AMP framework, but from preloading the page. It begs the question: Should preloading really be exclusive to AMP? They could introduce a way for publishers to allow or disallow preloading and if Google sees fit, they could preload those pages too, alongside AMP.
  3. When a user navigates from Google to a piece of content Google has recommended (or when a user clicks on a shared cached AMP link), they are, unwittingly, remaining within Google’s ecosystem and the publisher’s domain is obscured by the google.com/amp prefix. To work around this Google introduced Signed HTTP Exchanges ([Draft], [1], [2]), a web-standard that allows the browser to display the original site's URL, instead of the actual one (the one with the google.com/prefix). This would solve the original issue, but while doing so it introduced new ones (e.g. it obfuscates the fact that they're delivering the AMP page you're visiting). Interestingly enough, Google's Chrome already has support for this technology, but parties not involved with AMP are not so enthusiastic: Mozilla has deemed it a harmful web standard [2], and Apple has taken a similar stance.
  4. Google’s entire business model is about collecting as much personal data as possible, AMP is just another tool to do so. As described in Google’s Support article:
“When you use the Google AMP Viewer, Google and the publisher that made the AMP page may each collect data about you.”
The controversies with non-cached AMP pages
To be clear, the above flaws are only with AMP pages cached by Google (or another party like Bing or Cloudflare) but there are also plenty of pages simply utilizing the AMP framework, recognized by URLs such as bbc.com/news/amp/. However, these are also problematic, mainly because there's only a small performance improvement when AMP pages aren't cached and AMP pages tend to be less feature-rich and less diverse than their originals. And in some edge cases, it breaks stuff.
One could argue that the more popular the AMP framework becomes, the more AMP threatens the open web. That said, it should be clear that the biggest problem lies with the cached AMP pages.
AMP is open source, but that doesn't make it holy. Or as Ferdy Christant puts it quite nicely in his blog:
Google’s main defense is that AMP is open source. Which isn’t just a weak defense, it’s no defense at all. I can open source a plan for genocide. The term “open source” is meaningless if the thing that is open source is harmful.
Just so we’re clear, I’m not claiming Google or the AMP project is evil (hell, they might even have good intentions!), but the fact is that AMP and it's implementation have some major flaws that threaten the Open Web. And as long as that's the case, AmputatorBot will be there to remove AMP from your URLs.
AmputatorBot scans for AMP pages on Reddit and replies with the canonical version
Learn more
Up next for the nerds among us:
  • AmputatorBot.com
  • Automatic working subreddits
  • Non-working subreddits
  • Changelog
  • Opt-out & opt-back-in
  • Browser extension
  • Support the project by donating, giving feedback, summoning the bot or spreading the word

AmputatorBot.com

Remove AMP in just one click with www.AmputatorBot.com! This is a free online tool (no ads) to remove AMP from your URLs. All you have to do is to copy paste an AMP URL, click the conversion-button and that's all! For more (background) info, check out this post. Here's a quick (no but literally) demo:
A demo of the AMP-removal process over at AmputatorBot.com
Alternatively, you can do it even quicker by doing this:
https://amputatorbot.com/?https://www.google.com/amp/s/electrek.co/2018/06/19/tesla-model-3-assembly-line-inside-tent-elon-musk/amp/
It's build up like this:
https://amputatorbot.com + /? + https://www.google.com/amp/s/electrek.co/2018/06/19/tesla-model-3-assembly-line-inside-tent-elon-musk/amp/

Automatic working subreddits

u/amputatorbot currently works automatically in a select number of subreddits: Afghanistan, Africa, against5G, againstRFID, amputatorbot, anime_titties, Argentina, Assyria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia, Brasil, Bulgaria, Business, CenturyClubStairs, Chile, Chodi, chrome, Colombia, conspiracy, CorpFree, cyberpunk, Cuba, DeAmazon, DebunkThis, DeFacebook, deGoogle, deMicrosoft, economy, Ecuador, entertainment, Environment, europe, Europe, europrivacy, FakeNews, Features, Fijian, firefox, France, freesoftware, gamernews, Germany, Greece, Guyana, hacking, helpmefind, hockey, HumanRights, Hungary, ID_news, indiaspeaks, initFreedom, Iranian, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kerala, Kurdistan, LeopardsAteMyFace, LevantineWar, MachineLearning, Malaysia, Mexico, MiddleEastNews, MideastPeace, Moldova, Nepal, NewsOfTheWeird, Nicaragua, NorthKoreaNews, Oceania, OnGuardForThee, Pakistan, Palestine, pcgaming, PeerTube, Philippines, Piracy, Poland, praisetheeditor, privacy, PuertoRico, robotics, Russia, Scotland, security, selfhosted, seo, Serbia, singapore, socialism, spacex, Spain, suckless, Switzerland, Syria, tech, technology, TechnologyDetox, test, TrueCrime, TrueCrimeDiscussion, TrueReddit, Turkey, Turkey, Ukraina, Ukraine, UkrainianConflict, UnresolvedMysteries, upliftingnews, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, web_design, Westpapua, whatisthisthing, worldnews, Yemen and YemeniCrisis.
Feel free to hit me up with suggestions for subreddits to add!
You can summon the bot almost everywhere else by typing: u/AmputatorBot, more info here.

Non-working subreddits

AmputatorBot doesn't work in these subreddits android, androiddev, armenia, AskHistorians, askscience, AskScienceDiscussion, audio, australia, awfuleverything, bayarea, beer, belgium, bitcoin, books, canada, CanadaPolitics, cars, CCW, childfree, China, collapse, conservative, Cringetopia, croatia, CryptoCurrency, DataHoarder, disneyvacation, economics, ELI5, facepalm, flying, Futurology, gadgets, Games, gaming, gatesopencomeonin, geopolitics, Georgia, GlobalTalk, google, history, India, insaneparents, insanepeoplefacebook, instantkarma, iphone, iran, ireland, kitchener, korea, meme, moviedetails, movies, news, newzealand, nextfuckinglevel, nottheonion, oklahoma, pcmasterrace, Pete_Buttigieg, Philosophy, pihole, PoliticalDiscussion, politics, popheads, programming, raisedbynarcissists, rareinsults, Romania, science, SeattleWA, Sikh, SouthAfrica, space, survivor, television, Thailand, thenetherlands, TikTokCringe, TIL_Uncensored, todayilearned, trashy, tumblr, TwoXChromosomes, ukpolitics, unitedkingdom, unpopularopinion, USANews, warplaneporn, WatchPeopleDieInside, wellthatsucks, whatcouldgowrong, worldevents, worldpolitics, YouShouldKnow and almost all subreddits moderated by u/BotDefense or u/BotTerminator for diverse reasons. When you summon the bot there, you'll receive a DM with the canonical URL instead.p
If you're moderating a subreddit that is incorrectly listed here or if you would like AmputatorBot to work in your subreddit that's using u/BotDefense or u/BotTerminator please contact me.

Changelog

Check out the changelog here. Latest update: 22/08/2020

Opt out & opt back in

The bot works automatically in the subreddits mentioned above and manually using mentions.
Opt out: If you want to prevent the bot from replying to your comments and submissions, click here to opt out.
Opt back in: Did you opt-out and regret it? NP! Click here to opt back in.
Note: If you want to opt out from AmputatorBot on Twitter, please contact me or block it.

Browser-extension

Check out this browser-extension by Daniel Aleksandersen: 'Redirect AMP to HTML', it makes it that every time you click an AMP page, you will be redirected to the canonical page instead. In other words, it does the the same as u/AmputatorBot and AmputatorBot.com, but fully automatic. I can't recommend this one enough!

Support the project

.. By summoning the bot: If you've spotted an AMP URL on Reddit and u/AmputatorBot seems absent, you can summon the bot by mentioning u/AmputatorBot in a reply to the comment or submission containing the AMP URL. You'll receive a confirmation through PM. For more details, check out this post!
.. By giving feedback: Most of the new features were made after suggestions from you guys, so hit me up if you have any feedback! You can contact me on Reddit, fill an issue or make a pull request.
.. By sponsoring: The bot and website cost approximately €8.26 a month to host and while that might not seem like much, it adds up. All donations will be used ONLY to pay for hosting. You can specify any amount you want, but please keep in mind that I only want to try to cover some of the costs. Thank you so much! - https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=EU6ZFKTVT9VH2
.. By spreading the word: In the end, the only goal of AmputatorBot is to allow people to have an informed choice. You can help by spreading the word in whatever way you deem the most appropriate.

From the bottom of my heart, thank you so much for the tremendous support you've given me and AmputatorBot <3

https://preview.redd.it/fzhy8jedu6e51.png?width=3890&format=png&auto=webp&s=581561e0e267bb53ee3961a5e894633f8d6ff73f
submitted by Killed_Mufasa to AmputatorBot [link] [comments]

Blob - di tutto, di più * 24/07/20

Blob è una rubrica di italy: ogni sera postiamo un mix di thread diversi.
Ci troverai: thread rimossi nella giornata che magari sono interessanti, i principali contenuti da altri sub in lingua italiana, i thread del passato.
Vuoi saperne di più? Consulta la spiegazione.

Hai qualche considerazione sulla scelta di cancellare qualcosa?

Contatta i mod o consulta le FAQ specifiche.

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub italiani

Da libri

Da ItalyInformatica

Da seriea

Da lazio

Da xxitaly

Da politicaITA

Da italianlearning

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub locali

Da milano

Da rome

Da torino

I thread recuperati di oggi

Temi per i quali c'era già un altro thread simile aperto o un megathread

Articoli di interesse locale o di nicchia

Meme e altre cose divertenti, più adatte per il Caffè Italia

Link per cui è richiesta un'introduzione del contenuto

Foto "lancia e dimentica"

Thread con un titolo da cambiare

L'anno scorso, parlavamo di:

I più apprezzati erano:
submitted by RedditItalyBot to italy [link] [comments]

Bizarre: Coronavirus and the Number 33

This is the updated list as of March 6, 2020.

Got this from here http://itnt.news/1608
submitted by tommymbargo to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Ciao! Sono Matteo Vena, uno degli organizzatori della Blockchain Week Rome e studioso di criptovalute, AMA!

Ciao a tutti!

Sono Matteo Vena. Sono un informatico ed un grande appassionato di tecnologia. Attualmente lavoro a tempo pieno nel settore della blockchain e delle criptovalute, uno dei più vivaci negli ultimi anni. All'inizio della mia attività professionale mi sono occupato di elettronica di consumo, prevalentemente di provenienza asiatica. Ho avuto la possibilità di fare test di varia natura su hardware e software, principalmente smartphone. Ho anche avuto la fortuna di visitare, durante un viaggio di lavoro, Huaqiangbei, nella città cinese di Shenzhen, da molti ritenuto il più grande mercato dell'elettronica al mondo. Un vero paradiso per geek.
Ho iniziato a scrivere di tecnologia prima ancora di iniziare il mio percorso universitario. Oggi sono il responsabile di Cointelegraph Italy. Cointelegraph è il più grande portale al mondo dedicato a blockchain e criptovalute, disponibile in 10 lingue.
Il mio percorso di studio di questo settore è iniziato molti anni fa, ovviamente con Bitcoin, grazie ad una piccola conferenza tenuta da un gruppo di ricerca di Banca d'Italia. Da allora non ho mai smesso di approfondire ed informarmi.
Sono inoltre uno degli organizzatori della Blockchain Week Rome, il più grande evento in Italia dedicato alla tecnologia blockchain, alle criptovalute ed alla decentralizzazione.
Nonostante il mio giudizio sia, ovviamente, "di parte", posso affermare con sincerità che l'evento rappresenta un'occasione più unica che rara per entrare in questo mondo. I cinque giorni di durata comprendono un corso di formazione che copre le basi del settore (tre giorni) ed un Summit, ovvero un mix di conferenze, esposizioni, workshop ed altre attività (due giorni). L'edizione 2020 avrà luogo dal 17 al 21 marzo, ovviamente a Roma.
Linkedin ha inserito "Blockchain" al primo posto delle hard skill più desiderate nel 2020. Questo è davvero un momento perfetto per approfondire.
Abbiamo inoltre preparato il codice sconto "ITALYINFO", da usare per l'acquisto di qualsiasi tipologia di biglietto, che vi offrirà il 15% di sconto (usare senza virgolette)!
Ringrazio Fen0x per l'opportunità!
OT: sono un appassionato di software libero. Parteciperò a questo AMA principalmente dal mio PC fisso con OS Manjaro Linux, progetto che supporto.
Edit: L'AMA finisce qui, grazie mille a tutti per aver partecipato!
submitted by yagamix to ItalyInformatica [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/ncg11n2exi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=ca3a208f85338d17ba0bb06c2a06fc44e81c33c2
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to UsResidentialProxies [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/q431hhk6xi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=14b61756c829cc37d93758bd3c8a3402944e7e60
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialIPProxy [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/kkwx0aw9xi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=081a65c3ba835d4a79151888c4539fa02b74820b
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialProxyUSA [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/al6w06d4wi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=6714042aebd9ded4fac0a5576e8171a658942620
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to BackconnectProxies [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/pifpkx8bxi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=b0a85a362ab399f37168e3fb9f7de5f9cd691d09
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to RotatingProxy [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/ge0znc2yui451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=5a6f0cd11c7853da9dd089df1352dff6574e6e97
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to AccountsVerify [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/ykczdpihxi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=08d7000a50a3528f8644d159f4f29c18a51a616f
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to nonvoip [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/3x9wznpcxi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=885f5adc8d2fd6ba1c0ee1e6210edbf3b2ab1a02
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to RotatingProxyTrial [link] [comments]

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online

Premium Residential Proxies | Proxy Services | ResidentialProxy.online
Proxy Services

https://preview.redd.it/2nf8jmz7xi451.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=c21d9c5f086950fa0f96e8f3cfd4d7de79869d17
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by our company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. Our company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.
Our company offers two types of residential proxy services:
· Rotating IPs - which we offer for each http requested; this is, we give our customers new IP addresses for every connection request (the IP changes automatically as they go to different websites). There are other types of rotating IPs that change in a specific time interval set up by the customer; we do not offer this service, but companies like Luminati do.
· Static (Fixed) IPs – which remain fixed for an indefinitely period of time because these IPs belong to real people: we buy their bandwidth and those IPs are the ones we sell. If you purchase a static IP from a person and they turn off their computer, this IP becomes inaccessible (you won’t be able to connect to it) and you will have to wait until they turn it on again.
Without a doubt, proxy servers are a getaway between your system and the internet. Start using our residential proxies today!
Our Website: ResidentialProxy
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialIPVPN [link] [comments]

Residentialproxy.online a service that offer real residential proxy worldwide | 3$ per GB.

Residentialproxy.online a service that offer real residential proxy worldwide | 3$ per GB.
A proxy is a server that acts as an intermediary between the connections of a client and a destination server. While being the client, instead of connecting directly to a server that can fulfill a requested resource (file, web page, etc.), the proxy receives your requests to access different pages and is in charge of transmitting them to the web server potentially masking their true origin.
You can use a high speed proxy server for multiple purposes: security and performance improvement, access to restricted sites, gaming, protection from malware present on the internet and communication anonymity, providing a high level of privacy. Proxy servers were devised to add structure and encapsulation) to distributed systems since they hide your IP and also block cookies and scripts hosted on websites.
There are two types of proxies: Datacenter Proxies and Residential Proxies, both used to hide your real IP address when browsing online.
Being the most common proxy servers, Datacenter Proxies are not affiliated with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and they come from a secondary corporation, providing you with completely private IP authentication and anonymity. Their use for brand protection works great as they are fast and cheap. Conversely, Residential Proxies are intermediary servers that use IP addresses provided by an ISP, and are connected to real residential addresses; this is, each residential proxy address has a physical location.

https://preview.redd.it/049z7pxmrxz41.png?width=500&format=png&auto=webp&s=6c3ed1869ba7abd06c9b2d4e4069a76bf030d0be
The residential proxy service offered by ResidentialProxy operated by the company EPSILON TECHNOLOGY LTD, stands out for selling residential proxies mainly from USA, Canada, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, among others. We charge for the amount of GB consumed: the cost of each GB is 3$ but we offer a discount for over 10GB consumed; you can have an additional GB for 1.75$. To buy more GB, you just need to contact us via mail or telegram and we will handle you all the information for your purchase. the company currently accepts PayPal and cryptocurrency, more specifically bitcoin and ethereum.

https://preview.redd.it/uv88027irxz41.png?width=1587&format=png&auto=webp&s=9e0e792fc9105bb0076b855c770359d32954d6a1
One of the advantages of our dedicated residential proxies is that you can go undercover when registering on websites like Netflix and Gmail: your real IP will be hidden so that you can have access to them from any part of the world, blocking censorships applied by some countries like China and its Great Firewall, where services like Google and Amazon are censored. If you use a residential proxy, you can bypass this government block and use those services.

https://preview.redd.it/1oca6a7jrxz41.png?width=1587&format=png&auto=webp&s=f9d81a62f76b9bfd138bbb828a39839f483746f1
submitted by Mundane-Parsnip to ResidentialproxyServi [link] [comments]

Blob - di tutto, di più * 23/02/20

Blob è una rubrica di italy: ogni sera postiamo un mix di thread diversi.
Ci troverai: thread rimossi nella giornata che magari sono interessanti, i principali contenuti da altri sub in lingua italiana, i thread del passato.
Vuoi saperne di più? Consulta la spiegazione.

Hai qualche considerazione sulla scelta di cancellare qualcosa?

Contatta i mod o consulta le FAQ specifiche.

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub italiani

Da seriea

Da ItaliaPersonalFinance

Da ItalyInformatica

Da politicaITA

Da Italia

Da lazio

Da italianlearning

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub locali

Da Venezia

Da Genova

Da rome

I thread recuperati di oggi

Thread con un titolo da cambiare

Articoli di interesse locale o di nicchia

Meme e altre cose divertenti, più adatte per il Caffè Italia

Foto "lancia e dimentica"

L'anno scorso, parlavamo di:

I più apprezzati erano:
submitted by RedditItalyBot to italy [link] [comments]

I Read The News So You Don't Have To - Market News (Oct. 31, 2018)

🎈Happy Birthday Bitcoin, born on October 31, 2008 in the midst of the financial meltdown, bitcoin turns 10 years old today. 🎈

UNITED STATES

OTHER

CHINA

submitted by ogordained to investing [link] [comments]

Blob - di tutto, di più * 24/01/20

Blob è una rubrica di italy: ogni sera postiamo un mix di thread diversi.
Ci troverai: thread rimossi nella giornata che magari sono interessanti, i principali contenuti da altri sub in lingua italiana, i thread del passato.
Vuoi saperne di più? Consulta la spiegazione.

Hai qualche considerazione sulla scelta di cancellare qualcosa?

Contatta i mod o consulta le FAQ specifiche.

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub italiani

Da ITAGLIA

Da ItalyMotori

Da ItalyInformatica

Da storia

Da hiphopitaly

Da seriea

Da ItaliaPersonalFinance

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub locali

Da roma

Da sicily

Da milano

I thread recuperati di oggi

Link per cui è richiesta un'introduzione del contenuto

Foto "lancia e dimentica"

Meme e altre cose divertenti, più adatte per il Caffè Italia

Articoli di interesse locale o di nicchia

Thread con un titolo da cambiare

Temi per i quali c'era già un altro thread simile aperto o un megathread

L'anno scorso, parlavamo di:

submitted by RedditItalyBot to italy [link] [comments]

A few stories about Brian Krebs: The independent cybercrime journalist who exposes criminals on the internet

First, a bit of introduction before we get into the living drama that is Brian Krebs.
Brian Krebs has been a journalist for decades, starting in the late 90s. He got his start at The Washington Post, but what he's most famous for are his exposes on criminal businesses and individuals who perpetuate cyber crime worldwide. In 2001, he got his interest in cybercrime piqued when a computer worm locked him out of his own computer. In 2005, he shifted from working as a staff writer at The Washington Post's tech newswire to writing for their security blog, "Security Wire". During his tenure there, he started by focusing on the victims of cybercrime, but later also started to focus on the perpetrators of it as well. His reporting helped lead to the shutdown of McColo, a hosting provider who provided service to some of the world's biggest spammers and hackers. Reports analyzing the shutdown of McColo estimated that global spam volume dropped by between 40 and 70 percent. Further analysis revealed it also played host to child pornography sites, and the Russian Business Network, a major Russian cybercrime ring.
In 2009, Krebs left to start his own site, KrebsOnSecurity. Since then, he's been credited with being the first to report on major events such as Stuxnet and when Target was breached, resulting in the leakage of 40 million cards. He also regularly investigates and reveals criminals' identities on his site. The latter has made him the bane of the world of cybercrime, as well as basically a meme, where criminals will include references like Made by Brian Krebs in their code, or name their shops full of stolen credit cards after him.
One of his first posts on his new site was a selection of his best work. While not particularly dramatic, they serve as an excellent example of dogged investigative work, and his series reveal the trail of takedowns his work has documented, or even contributed to.
And now, a selection of drama involving Krebs. Note, all posts are sarcastically-tinged retellings of the source material which I will link throughout. I also didn't use the real names in my retellings, but they are in the source material. This took way too long to write, and it still does massively condense the events described in the series. Krebs has been involved with feuds with other figures, but I'd argue these tales are the "main" bits of drama that are most suited for here.

Fly on the Wall

By 2013, Krebs was no stranger to cybercriminals taking the fight to the real world. He was swatted previously to the point where the police actually know to give him a ring and see if there'd actually been a murder, or if it was just those wacky hackers at it again. In addition, his identity was basically common knowledge to cybercriminals, who would open lines of credit in his name, or find ways to send him money using stolen credit cards.
However, one particular campaign against him caught his eye. A hacker known as "Fly" aka "Flycracker" aka "MUXACC1" posted on a Russian-language fraud forum he administered about a "Krebs fund". His plan was simple. Raise Bitcoin to buy Heroin off of a darknet marketplace, address it to Krebs, and alert his local police via a spoofed phone call. Now, because Krebs is an investigative journalist, he develops undercover presences on cybercrime forums, and it just so happened he'd built up a presence on this one already.
Guys, it became known recently that Brian Krebs is a heroin addict and he desperately needs the smack, so we have started the "Helping Brian Fund", and shortly we will create a bitcoin wallet called "Drugs for Krebs" which we will use to buy him the purest heroin on the Silk Road. My friends, his withdrawal is very bad, let’s join forces to help the guy! We will save Brian from the acute heroin withdrawal and the world will get slightly better!
Fly had first caught Krebs' attention by taunting him on Twitter, sending him Tweets including insults and abuse, and totally-legit looking links. Probably either laced with malware, or designed to get Krebs' IP. He also took to posting personal details such as Krebs' credit report, directions to his house, and pictures of his front door on LiveJournal, of all places.
So, after spotting the scheme, he alerted his local police that he'd probably have someone sending him some China White. Sure enough, the ne'er-do-wells managed to raise 2 BTC, which at the time was a cool $200 or so. They created an account on the premiere darknet site at the time, The Silk Road under the foolproof name "briankrebs7". They found one seller who had consistently high reviews, but the deal fell through for unknown reasons. My personal theory is the seller decided to Google where it was going, and realized sending a gram of dope into the waiting arms of local law enforcement probably wasn't the best use of his time. Still, the forum members persevered, and found another seller who was running a buy 10 get 2 free promotion. $165 of Bitcoin later, the drugs were on their way to a new home. The seller apparently informed Fly that the shipment should arrive by Tuesday, a fact which he gleefully shared with the forum.
While our intrepid hero had no doubt that the forum members were determined to help him grab the tail of the dragon, he's not one to assume without confirmation, and enlisted the help of a graduate student at UCSD who was researching Bitcoin and anonymity on The Silk Road, and confirmed the address shared by Fly was used to deposit 2 BTC into an account known to be used for money management on the site.
By Monday, an envelope from Chicago had arrived, containing a copy of Chicago confidential. Taped inside were tiny baggies filled with the purported heroin. Either dedicated to satisfied customers, or mathematically challenged, the seller had included thirteen baggies instead of the twelve advertised. A police officer arrived to take a report and whisked the baggies away.
Now, Fly was upset that Krebs wasn't in handcuffs for drug possession, and decided to follow up his stunt by sending Krebs a floral arrangement shaped like a cross, and an accompanying threatening message addressed to his wife, the dire tone slightly undercut by the fact that it was signed "Velvet Crabs". Krebs' curiosity was already piqued from the shenanigans with the heroin, but with the arrival of the flowers decided to dive deeper into the сука behind things.
He began digging into databases from carding sites that had been hacked, but got his first major breakthrough to his identity from a Russian computer forensics firm. Fly had maintained an account on a now-defunct hacking forum, whose database was breached under "Flycracker". It turns out, the email Flycracker had used was also hacked at some point, and a source told Krebs that the email was full of reports from a keylogger Fly had installed on his wife's computer. Now, because presumably his wife wasn't part of, or perhaps even privy to her husband's illicit dealings, her email account happened to be her full legal name, which Krebs was able to trace to her husband. Now, around this time, the site Fly maintained disappeared from the web, and administrators on another major fraud forum started purging his account. This is a step they typically take when they suspect a member has been apprehended by authorities. Nobody knew for sure, but they didn't want to take any chances.
More research by Krebs revealed that the criminals' intuition had been correct, and Fly was arrested in Italy, carrying documents under an assumed name. He was sitting in an Italian jail, awaiting potential extradition to the United States, as well as potentially facing charges in Italy. This was relayed to Krebs by a law enforcement official who simply said "The Fly has been swatted". (Presumably while slowly removing a pair of aviator sunglasses)
While Fly may have been put away, the story between Krebs and Fly wasn't quite over. He did end up being extradited to the US for prosecution, but while imprisoned in Italy, Fly actually started sending Krebs letters. Understandably distrustful after the whole "heroin" thing, his contacts in federal law enforcement tested the letter, and found it to be clean. Inside, there was a heartfelt and personal letter, apologizing for fucking with Krebs in so many ways. He also forgave Krebs for posting his identity online, leading him to muse that perhaps Fly was working through a twelve-step program. In December, he received another letter, this time a simple postcard with a cheerful message wishing him a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Krebs concluded his post thusly:
Cybercrooks have done some pretty crazy stuff to me in response to my reporting about them. But I don’t normally get this kind of closure. I look forward to meeting with Fly in person one day soon now that he will be just a short train ride away. And he may be here for some time: If convicted on all charges, Fly faces up to 30 years in U.S. federal prison.
Fly ultimately was extradited. He plead guilty and was sentenced to 41 months in jail

vDOS and Mirai Break The Internet

Criminals are none too happy when they find their businesses and identities on the front page of KrebsOnSecurity. It usually means law enforcement isn't far behind. One such business was known as vDOS. A DDOS-for-hire (also known as a "booter" or a "stresser") site that found itself hacked, with all their customer records still in their databases leaked. Analysis of the records found that in a four-month time span, the service had been responsible for about 8.81 years worth of attack time, meaning on average at any given second, there were 26 simultaneous attacks running. Interestingly, the hack of vDOS came about from another DDOS-for-hire site, who as it turns out was simply reselling services provided by vDOS. They were far from the only one. vDOS appeared to provide firepower to a large number of different resellers.
In addition to the attack logs, support messages were also among the data stolen. This contained some complaints from various clients who complained they were unable to launch attacks against Israeli IPs. This is a common tactic by hackers to try and avoid unwanted attention from authorities in their country of residence. This was confirmed when two men from Israel were arrested for their involvement in owning and running vDOS. However, this was just the beginning for this bit of drama.
The two men arrested went by the handles "applej4ck" and "Raziel". They had recently published a paper on DDOS attack methods in an online Israeli security magazine. Interestingly, on the same day the men were arrested, questioned, and released on bail, vDOS went offline. Not because it had been taken down by Israeli authorities, not because they had shut it down themselves, but because a DDOS protection firm, BackConnect Security, had hijacked the IP addresses belonging to the company. To spare a lot of technical detail, it's called a BGP hijack, and it basically works by a company saying "Yeah, those are our addresses." It's kind of amazing how much of the internet is basically just secured by the digital equivalent of pinky swears. You can read some more technical detail on Wikipedia. Anyway, we'll get back to BackConnect.
Following the publication of the story uncovering the inner workings of vDOS, KrebsOnSecurity was hit with a record breaking DDOS attack, that peaked at 620/Gbps, nearly double the most powerful DDOS attack previously on record. To put that in perspective, that's enough bandwidth to download 5 simultaneous copies of Interstellar in 4K resolution every single second, and still have room to spare. The attack was so devastating, Akamai, one of the largest providers of DDOS protection in the world had to drop Krebs as a pro bono client. Luckily, Google was willing to step in and place his site under the protection of Google's Project Shield, a free service designed to protect the news sites and journalists from being knocked offline by DDOS attacks.
This attack was apparently in retaliation for the vDOS story, since some of the data sent in the attack included the string "freeapplej4ck". The attack was executed by a botnet of Internet of Things (or IoT) devices. These are those "smart" devices like camera systems, routers, DVRs. Basically things that connect to the cloud. An astounding amount of those are secured with default passwords that can be easily looked up from various sites or even the manufacturers' websites. This was the start of a discovery of a massive botnet that had been growing for years.
Now time for a couple quick side stories:
Dyn, a company who provides DNS to many major companies including Twitter, Reddit, and others came under attack, leaving many sites (including Twitter and Reddit) faltering in the wake of it. Potentially due to one of their engineers' collaboration with Krebs on another story. It turned out that the same botnet that attacked Krebs' site was at least part of the attack on Dyn
And back to BackConnect, that DDOS protection firm that hijacked the IP addresses from vDOS. Well it turns out BGP Hijacks are old hat for the company. They had done it at least 17 times before. Including at least once (purportedly with permission) for the address 1.3.3.7. Aka, "leet". It turns out one of the co-founders of BackConnect actually posted screenshots of him visiting sites that tell you your public IP address in a DDOS mitigation industry chat, showing it as 1.3.3.7. They also used a BGP Hijack against a hosting company and tried to frame a rival DDOS mitigation provider.
Finally, another provider, Datawagon was interestingly implicated in hosting DDOS-for-hire sites while offering DDOS protection. In a Skype conversation where the founder of Datawagon wanted to talk about that time he registered dominos.pizza and got sued for it, he brings up scanning the internet for vulnerable routers completely unprompted. Following the publication of the story about BackConnect, in which he was included in, he was incensed about his portrayal, and argued with Krebs over Skype before Krebs ultimately ended up blocking him. He was subsequently flooded with fake contact requests from bogus or hacked Skype accounts. Shortly thereafter, the record-breaking DDOS attack rained down upon his site.
Back to the main tale!
So, it turns out the botnet of IoT devices was puppeteered by a malware called Mirai. How did it get its name? Well, that's the name its creator gave it, after an anime called Mirai Nikki. How did this name come to light? The creator posted the source code online. (The name part, not the origin. The origin didn't come 'til later.) The post purported that they'd picked it up from somewhere in their travels as a DDOS industry professional. It turns out this is a semi-common tactic when miscreants fear that law enforcement might come looking for them, and having the only copy of the source code of a malware in existence is a pretty strong indicator that you have something to do with it. So, releasing the source to the world gives a veneer of plausible deniability should that eventuality come to pass. So who was this mysterious benefactor of malware source? They went by the name "Anna-senpai".
As research on the Mirai botnet grew, and more malware authors incorporated parts of Mirai's source code into their own attacks, attention on the botnet increased, and on the people behind it. The attention was presumably the reason why Hackforums, the forum where the source code was posted, later disallowed ostensible "Server Stress Tester" services from being sold on it. By December, "Operation Tarpit" had wrought 34 arrests and over a hundred "knock and talk" interviews questioning people about their involvement.
By January, things started to come crashing down. Krebs published an extensive exposé on Anna-senpai detailing all the evidence linking them to the creation of Mirai. The post was so big, he included a damn glossary. What sparked the largest botnet the internet had ever seen? Minecraft. Minecraft servers are big business. A popular one can earn tens of thousands of dollars per month from people buying powers, building space, or other things. It's also a fiercely competitive business, with hundreds of servers vying for players. It turns out that things may have started, as with another set of companies, two rival DDOS mitigation providers competing for customers. ProTraf was a provider of such mitigation technology, and a company whose owner later worked for ProTraf had on at least one occasion hijacked addresses belonging to another company, ProxyPipe. ProxyPipe had also been hit with DDOS attacks they suspected to be launched by ProTraf.
While looking into the President of ProTraf, Krebs realized he'd seen the relatively uncommon combination of programming languages and skills posted by the President somewhere else. They were shared by Anna-senpai on Hackforums. As Krebs dug deeper and deeper into Anna-senpai's online presence, he uncovered other usernames, including one he traced to some Minecraft forums where a photoshopped picture of a still from Pulp Fiction contained the faces of BackConnect, which was a rival to ProTraf's DDOS mitigation business, and another face. A hacker by the name of Vyp0r, who another employee of ProTraf claimed betrayed his trust and blackmailed him into posting the source of another piece of malware called Bashlite. There was also a third character photoshopped into the image. An anime character named "Yamada" from a movie called B Gata H Hei.
Interestingly, under the same username, Krebs found a "MyAnimeList" profile which, out of 9 titles it had marked as watched, were B Gata H Hei, as well as Mirai Nikki, the show from which Mirai derived its name. It continues on with other evidence, including DDOS attacks against Rutgers University, but in short, there was little doubt in the identity of "Anna-senpai", but the person behind the identity did contact Krebs to comment. He denied any involvement in Mirai or DDOS attacks.
"I don’t think there are enough facts to definitively point the finger at me," [Anna-senpai] said. "Besides this article, I was pretty much a nobody. No history of doing this kind of stuff, nothing that points to any kind of sociopathic behavior. Which is what the author is, a sociopath."
He did, however, correct Krebs on the name of B Gata H Kei.
Epilogue
Needless to say, the Mirai botnet crew was caught, but managed to avoid jailtime thanks to their cooperation with the government. That's not to say they went unpunished. Anna-senpai was sentenced to 6 months confinement, 2500 hours of community service, and they may have to pay up to $8.6 million in restitution for their attacks on Rutgers university.

Other Stories

I don't have the time or energy to write another effortpost, and as is I'm over 20,000 characters, so here's a few other tidbits of Krebs' clashes with miscreants.
submitted by HereComesMyDingDong to internetdrama [link] [comments]

EOS - Getting Started & Helpful Links

WELCOME TO eos!

Table of Contents

  1. What is EOS?
  2. Why is EOS Different?
  3. Get Started
    1. WHAT IS AN EOS ACCOUNT?
      1. GET FREE EOS ACCOUNTS
      2. WHAT IS REX AND HOW TO USE IT FOR RESOURCES
      3. DECENTRALIZED FINANCE (DEFI) ON EOS
  4. Channels, dApps, Block Explorer and more
    1. Governance and Security
    2. Wallets
    3. DApps
    4. Popular dApps
    5. Block Explorers
      1. REX User Interfaces
  5. Channels
  6. FAQ

What is EOS?

EOS is a community-driven distributed blockchain, that allows the development and execution of industrial-scale decentralized applications (dApps). Therefore, EOS intention is to become a blockchain dApp platform that can securely and smoothly scale to thousands of transactions per second, all while providing an accessible experience to app developers, entrepreneurs, and users. They aim to provide a complete operating system for decentralized applications by providing services like user authentication, cloud storage, and server hosting.
The EOS.IO open-source code was developed and it is currently updated by Block.One. Block.One is based in the Cayman Island and it is managed by Brendan Blumer (CEO), Daniel Larimer (CTO) and Andrew Bliss (CFO).
Links:
Video:

How is EOS different?

EOS is the first Blockchain that focuses on building a dApps platform by using the delegated proof-of-stake consensus mechanism. With dPoS, EOS manage to provide a public blockchain with some particular features, such as Scalability, Flexibility, Usability and Governance.
Further Reading:

Get Started:

WHAT IS AN EOS ACCOUNT?

From EOS Beginners: Anatomy of an EOS Account
An EOS account is a readable name that is stored on the EOS blockchain and connected to your “keys”. An EOS account is required for performing actions on the EOS platform, such as sending/receiving tokens, voting, and staking.
Each account is linked to a public key, and this public key is in turn linked to a private key. A private key can be used to generate an associated public key, but not vice versa. (A private key and its associated public key make up a key pair)
These keys ensure that only you can access and perform actions with your account. Your public key is visible by everyone using the network. Your private key, however, will never be shown. You must store your private keys in a safe location as they should not be shared with anyone (unless you want your EOS to be stolen)!
TLDR: EOS Accounts are controlled by key pairs and store EOS tokens in the Blockchain. Wallets store key pairs that are used to sign transactions.

GET FREE EOS ACCOUNTS

From EOS Onboarding: Free Accounts
Unlike other chains in the space, EOSIO accounts do not typically charge a transfer fee for sending tokens or providing actions on the blockchain. Where Bitcoin and Ethereum mine blocks and charge a fee, EOS provides feeless transactions to users based on CPU, NET, and RAM resources.
Although traditionally those wanting to create EOS accounts in particular have needed to ‘pay a fee’ to get into the system, in reality this fee is nothing more than a basic stake of CPU and NET resources. In theory this provides free transactions on the network, the number of transactions that any user gets in a 24 hour window is determined by the amount of stake especially in CPU that any given account maintains.
This guide then provides a brief overview of the account creation process of some of those account types that allow for easy no friction EOS mainnet onboarding and in most cases, the provision of more than enough resources to be able to utilize the network without having to go through the process of buying, transferring, and staking or renting resources ensuring your account remains operational.

WHAT IS REX AND HOW TO USE IT FOR RESOURCES

What is REX?
REX (Resource Exchange) is a resource market that can meet the demand, where the EOS token holders can lease out tokens in return for “rent”, and the Dapps can lease resources they need with less cost.
For EOS holders:Earn an income via put your spare EOS tokens in REX instead of just keep it on your EOS account.
For EOS Dapps:Lease as much resources as you need at a decent price instead of stake EOS for resources in 1:1 ratio.
Source: TokenPocket
Through REX you can pay a small amount of EOS to receive a much larger amount in CPU or NET for a whole month. Today (August 20, 2020), paying 1 EOS on REX guarantees you 7,500 EOS in CPU for 30 days.
You can easily use REX via Anchor Wallet, importing your EOS Account and with a few simple clicks. Learn how to use REX with Anchor

DECENTRALIZED FINANCE (DEFI) ON EOS

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) is the combination of traditional financial instruments with decentralized blockchain technology. Currently DeFi is the fastest growing sector in blockchain, which allows greater inclusion within the financial system even for those who previously could not participate in the global economy. Indeed, to use DeFi products is enough just a smartphone, and the so-called "unbanked", ca now participate without any restrictions.
DeFi Projects on EOS
  • VIGOR - VIGOR protocol is a borrow, lend, and save community
  • Defibox - One-stop EOS DeFi Platform
  • Equilibrium (EOSDT) - Equilibrium is an all-in-one Interoperable DeFi hub
  • [PredIQt](prediqt.everipedia.org) - PredIQt is a prediction market & oracle protocol
  • PIZZA - PIZZA is an EOS based decentralized stablecoin system and financial platform
  • Chintai - high performance, fee-less community owned token leasing platform

Channels, dApps, Block Explorer and more

Governance and Security:

Wallets:

DApps:

Popular dApps:

  • NewDex - Decentralized Exchange.
  • Prospectors -MMO Game with Real Time Economic Strategies
  • Everipedia - Wiki-based online encyclopedia
  • Upland - Property trading game with real-world addresses
  • Crypto Dynasty - Play-to-Earn with Crypto Dynasty

Block explorers:

Guides to vote:

REX User Interface:

Channels:

Official:
Community:
Telegram:
Telegram Non-English General:
Developers:
Testnets:

FAQ:

submitted by eosgo to eos [link] [comments]

[ESPERIMENTO AVANZATO] Blob - di tutto, di più * 10/09/19

Blob è un esperimento: ogni sera postiamo un mix di thread diversi.
Ci troverai: thread rimossi nella giornata che magari sono interessanti, i principali contenuti da altri sub in lingua italiana, i thread del passato.
Vuoi saperne di più? Consulta la spiegazione.

Hai qualche considerazione sulla scelta di cancellare qualcosa?

Contatta i mod o consulta le FAQ specifiche.

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub italiani

Da Italia

Da lazio

Da ITALIANMUSIC

Da ItalyInformatica

Da ItalyPhotos

Da politicaITA

Da italianlearning

I top thread di alcuni degli altri sub locali

Da napoli

Da rome

Da milano

I thread recuperati di oggi

Link per cui è richiesta un'introduzione del contenuto

Thread con un titolo da cambiare

Foto "lancia e dimentica"

Temi per i quali c'era già un altro thread simile aperto o un megathread

Articoli di interesse locale o di nicchia

L'anno scorso, parlavamo di:

I più apprezzati erano:
submitted by MyPendrive to italy [link] [comments]

An Anarchist Case Against Markets

I originally posted this to DebateAnarchism but thought it would be good for discussion here as well
This post was inspired by a debate I had on this sub with a Market Anarchist, which stopped advancing beyond a certain point due to several impasses that we could never get beyond. It became frustrating for both of us after a while because we kept talking past each other.
I wanted to make this post in an effort to clearly explain the following: 1) What I mean when I say that I am "against markets", 2) Why I am against markets, 3) What mechanisms I think can serve as effective replacements for markets, and 4) Responses to common criticisms.
(Disclaimer: I am only pointing out problems with markets pertinent to the target audience of this sub that supports them - Market Anarchists. There is no need to make criticisms of market features that Market Anarchists do not endorse in the first place. This post is not intended to be a general or all-inclusive criticism of markets, because Market Anarchists are anti-capitalists anyway.)
"Against Markets"
I don't seek to "ban" markets in an anarchist social context (obviously, because I'm an Anarchist), but I seek to make them obsolete. This is what I mean when I say that I am "against markets".
The Problems with Markets (as they pertain to Market Anarchism) (in no particular order)
The authors investigate how worker-owned and capitalist enterprises differ with respect to wages, employment, and capital in Italy, the market economy with the greatest incidence of worker-owned and worker-managed firms. Estimates calculated using a matched employer-worker panel data set for the years 1982–94 largely corroborate the implications of orthodox behavioral models of the two types of enterprise. Co-ops had 14% lower wages than capitalist enterprises, on average; more volatile wages; and less volatile employment. Given the quality of the data set analyzed, the authors argue, these results can be regarded as having broad generality
(Note: Regarding the point about "less volatile employment" in favor of coops...this study was done comparing between capitalist firms and worker coops. The wages were largely reflective of wages for union members because the wages in capitalist firms regardless of whether the workers were union members or not were based on regional collective bargaining by the unions. However, (unlike with the wages) the job security is not reflective of job security for union members. While we can see that union wages are higher than income for workers working in cooperatives, we cannot make a meaningful comparison based on this study between union job security and coop job security.)
If you want an efficient market system for coordinating production and distribution, you need a flexible labor market. Unfortunately, a more flexible ("freer") labor market leads to reduced labor share of income even under worker ownership (Self-Exploitation). On the other hand, workers forming cartels (monopolizing/oligopolizing access the labor in their field) that restrict labor markets is the only way to halt the trend of decreasing labor share of income - this is essentially what the function of labor unions is. So you need labor cartels to prevent Labor self-Exploitation (in the Marxist sense), while these labor cartels will themselves either be impossible to enforce in the absence of authority (because of the equivalent of Scabs) OR even if they can be enforced without authority they will undermine the efficiency of the markets in your society (because cartels screw up the function of prices in a market).
Alternatives
Based on what is written below regarding ECP and HKP, there is no longer a reason (with regard to rational economic calculation or information) to think that decentralized planning and gift economy dynamics would be unable to entirely replace the role of markets.
Answers to Common Criticisms/Objections
I've been told this recently in an argument with a Market Anarchist. However, he never was able to explain specifically how and why these differences would manifest and on what basis one could claim that it would alter my calculus and conclusions above.
In that case you've massively restricted the potential scale and scope in which markets can have a role in the functioning of your economy. I suppose that's fine, but in that case I would ask the question: Why retain them at all? Why not seek to replace them entirely?
To put it simply, ECP just says that you need a mechanism that allows you to compare multiple possible allocation pathways for resources in order to know which allocation pathway is the most efficient use of resources. And HKP basically says that those who do a particular kind of activity in the economy learn the information relevant to that activity as they perform it. Furthermore, this information is disparate and best able to be extracted by lots of people individually doing particular activities that they focus on.
There's nothing inherent about a large firm that prevents this from happening more so than an aggregate of small firms playing the same role in aggregate as the large firm does by itself. Large firms that are run bottom-up and allow their members autonomy (as was the case of with each of the collectives/syndicates in Catalonia, in contrast to large firms in capitalism) can discover and disseminate this information at least as well as an aggregate of small firms playing the same role as the large firm by itself. As support for my claim, I reference The Anarchist Collectives by Sam Dolgoff - a book that contains multiple empirical examples showing that collectivization of multiple separate firms (which had been engaging in exchange transactions with one another to form a supply chain prior to the Anarchist revolution in Spain) into singular firms of operation from start to finish across the entire supply chain, actually improved productivity, innovation within the production process, and distribution of end products. This actually addresses both HKP and ECP. As per Hume's Razor, we can therefore conclude that a reduction in the scope, role, and presence of intermediary exchange transactions/prices between steps in the supply chain neither results in reduced ability to acquire & disseminate information nor results in reduced economic efficiency. Furthermore (as per Hume's Razor), we can conclude that it is not the scope, role, or presence of prices/exchange transactions that enable either rational economic calculation or the acquisition & dissemination of knowledge. This is because (as per Hume's Razor) if it were true that prices/markets are necessary or superior to all other methods for efficient information discovery & dissemination as well as for rational economic calculation, it would not have been the case that we could have seen improvements in productivity, innovation, and distribution of end products in the aforementioned examples after substantially reducing (via collectivization/integration of various intermediary and competing firms) the role, scope, and presence of prices/markets within the economy.
The alternative explanation (one that is more credible after the application of Hume's Razor and keeping the aforementioned empirical examples in mind) is that optimally efficient information discovery & dissemination as well as rational economic calculation, are both possible in a non-market framework when individuals have autonomy and can freely associate/dissociate with others in the pursuit of their goals.
What's written above should be sufficient to address this objection as well. If it is not the scope, role, and presence of prices/exchange transactions that enable either rational economic calculation or the acquisition & dissemination of knowledge...then there is no basis upon which to argue there will necessarily be (from an information or rational economic calculation standpoint) more bureaucracy in aggregate in a society that has replaced markets, than there would be in a society that retains them.
However, there remains the objection that bureaucracy would exist to a larger extent due to the lack of competitive pressures against inefficiency. My response is to point out that empirical evidence from revolutionary Anarchist societies indicate strongly to the contrary. The role and presence of competition was greatly reduced while there was a simultaneous improvement in efficiency. As per Hume's Razor, we can therefore reject the notion that it is competition specifically that inherently prevents bureaucratic buildup in individual firms. It seems, from these empirical examples, that the best way to prevent bureaucracy is not through market competition between several small firms but through Anarchist praxis involving a lack of hierarchy and authority within large firms (recall that I often use the term "firm" to refer to collectives, syndicates, etc. for the purposes of this post), such that there is no ossified system of rank within the large firm. The absence of an ossified system of rank within firms is the true key to preventing the accumulation of bureaucracy within firms.
Note the three types of efficiency in the linked video - Allocative Efficiency, Productive Efficiency, and Dynamic Efficiency.
The evidence from Anarchist Spain during the Spanish Civil War (which I discussed above) indicates that Productive Efficiency and Allocative Efficiency was improved in various industries and communities where Anarchist collectivization took place. This trend only reversed and ended as the State undermined the Anarchists through various measures, such as cutting them off of currency that was needed to acquire resources from outside the Anarchist-controlled regions, using that leverage over currency to take over control of various industries away from the Anarchists, etc... Thus far, the market anarchists I have discussed this issue with have agreed on this point.
Where I have faced disagreement from market anarchists is on the issue of Dynamic Efficiency aka "Innovative Efficiency". Those whom I have discussed this with argue that markets optimize dynamic efficiency better than any other alternative.
My response is as follows... Evidence indeed does not support the commonly held view that (within a market economy) larger firms have greater dynamic efficiency. However, it does show that investment into R&D (especially by small firms) in market settings is substantially impacted by whether or not there are Intellectual Property Rights.
For me, this raises a natural question: In an Anarchist social context where there are no intellectual property rights, would a framework of cooperation/collectivization into larger firms be more dynamically efficient than competition between smaller firms? Let's look at the following...
(1) Evidence shows that, in general, Intellectual Property Rights have a substantial net negative impact on innovative efficiency:
To summarize, although only tentative conclusions can be drawn given the small number of empirical studies, the body of available empirical evidence suggests that patents may substantively hinder both subsequent scientific research and subsequent product development. Across a relatively heterogeneous set of technologies within the life sciences, and examining various forms of intellectual property rights, the available empirical evidence suggests that property rights hinder cumulative innovation—with declines on the order of 30 percent. Clearly much more work is needed in order to examine the extent to which these patterns generalize to other technologies and other forms of intellectual property, but the best available evidence suggests that mechanisms that reward innovation in a way that places the technologies in the public domain—such as patent buyouts—may have substantial benefits in terms of encouraging cumulative innovation, at least in some contexts.
(2) Evidence shows that firms - in the context of a market economy - invest less in R&D without the presence of Intellectual Property Rights of some form.
So to summarize, IP generally has a substantial net negative impact on dynamic efficiency but in the context of a market economy IP is necessary to incentivize firms to invest adequately into R&D.
Based on this we can argue that in an Anarchist social context, a non-market framework (involving decentralized planning and gift economy dynamics) of cooperation/collectivization into larger firms is likely to be more dynamically efficient than a market framework of competition between multiple smaller firms. This means that replacing markets with cooperative/collectivized dynamics will likely improve dynamic efficiency - the opposite of what the market anarchists I have discussed this issue with claim.
I have had a discussion with a market anarchist who argued that certain kinds of tasks will not be adequately completed without monetary incentive - particularly tasks that are unpleasant or those which people do not enjoy.
However, this ignores the historical and contemporary evidence of Anarchists accomplishing these tasks without monetary incentive - see below:
https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/peter-gelderloos-anarchy-works#toc53
https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/sam-dolgoff-editor-the-anarchist-collectives#toc57
https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/peter-gelderloos-anarchy-works#toc24
(A) First, here is the simplified logic behind why I find Marx's Law of Value Compelling as compared to Subjective Value Theory:
(i) The function of markets is to optimize supply and demand so that resources are allocated efficiently. An efficient allocation of resources enables future reproduction and growth of an economy. When the market suddenly undoes the very allocation of supply to fulfill demand that it had previously built up such that the economy subsequently shrinks, the previous build up can be thought of as a market failure. Hence the process by which prices plummet (along with all the subsequent effects) until the market can reorient to start growing the economy again, can be accurately called "correction". Given that prices can be incorrect such that they require "correction", price and value cannot be the same thing.
(ii) A bubble bursts in the economy when previously inflated prices are corrected. (Note that "correction" is not my own term, but a term frequently used to describe such phenomena in economics.)
(iii) The only way to make sense of this is that prices originally (prior to the bubble bursting) deviated from values too much.
(iv) If it is the case that prices can deviate too much from values while prices are derived from the interplay of various actors' marginal utilities, value cannot be subjective. There must be an objective substance of value around which prices can deviate (to an extent).
(v) Therefore, STV is invalid as a theory of value.
(vi) Having accepted this logic, it follows that we require an objective theory of value as opposed to a subjective theory of value. Now the question becomes: What should this objective theory of value be?
(vii) An objective theory of value must express value as being comprised of some definable substance(s).
(viii) Given that we have established value as something objective rather than subjective, it must be possible for commodities to be exchanged in such a way that there is equal Value on both sides of an exchange.
(ix) In order for things to have equal value, the substance of value must be some characteristic that all commodities share but also separates them from non-commodities.
(x) The only such characteristic is that they can all be produced by simple/"unskilled" human labor.
(xi) Therefore, expressing the value of a commodity must be done in units of simple/"unskilled" human labor.
(B) Furthermore, it has come to my attention that some market anarchists find Marx's Law of Value uncompelling as a result of the Transformation Problem. My response is to look into TSSI, which has made it clear that the Transformation Problem is a non-issue.
The reason this is important is that if you agree with Marx's Law of Value, then you necessarily would find worker cooperatives and market socialism of any variety (including market anarchism) highly problematic due to Self-Exploitation.
submitted by PerfectSociety to CapitalismVSocialism [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Is Going to Be Digital Gold ... - Bitcoin-Wiki.nl HO COMPRATO BITCOIN? 💰 - YouTube Guida italiana al Mining: come minare Bitcoin - YouTube Bitcoin erklärt: Lohnt er sich als Geldanlage? - YouTube

U.S. dollar (USD) - International bank wire transfers in U.S. dollars to Bitcoin Nordic's Danish bank account. Cash or check by mail . Cash or check may be sent by mail (Denmark) or may be deposited in-person (Copenhagen) with appointment. The currencies listed below are accepted in any amount up to daily AML limits. Other currencies may be ... From Bitcoin Wiki. Jump to: navigation, search. Welcome to the Bitcoin Wiki, for all your Bitcoin information needs. 1,270 pages. Established April 14, 2010. This wiki is maintained by the Bitcoin community. Bitcoin.org: Forums: Chatrooms: Bitcoin; Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to ... bitcoin, fork Durante il mese di Luglio ed Agosto potrebbe avvenire un hard fork sulla rete Bitcoin, intendendo, della sua blockchain, e quello che succederà è che da un punto in poi, nascerà una (o più) nuove catene. This page was last edited on 10 June 2017, at 21:50. Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 unless otherwise noted.; Privacy policy; About ... From Bitcoin Wiki. Jump to: navigation, search. Bitcoinitalia nasce come supporto italiano alla nuova moneta decentralizzata. Sul sito si possono trovare notizie aggiornate con cadenza regolare oltre a un'ottimo forum. Forum Bitcoinitalia . 2014. Da questo anno il forum chiude e il sito si occupa solamente di informazioni su bitcoin. 2016. Novembre. Il forum riapre e si presenta nella pagina ...

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Bitcoin Is Going to Be Digital Gold ... - Bitcoin-Wiki.nl

Kaum ein Tag vergeht ohne neue Rekorde bei der Kryptowährung Bitcoin. Dennoch sind derzeit nur wenige Anleger investiert. Für die meisten sind Kryptowährunge... Video per parlare in maniera chiara e semplice dei Bitcoin, dato che se ne sente tanto parlare ma non vengono mai spiegati bene per comprare bitcoin (è un li... Was für ein Wahnsinn: Kryptowährungen bringen Renditen, von den sich vor ein paar Jahren träumen ließ. Kann die Bitcoin-Rally immer weiter gehen? Fondsmanage... Feb.13 -- Mike Novogratz, founder and chief executive officer at Galaxy Digital, discusses cryptocurrencies, where he sees the sector heading in the coming m... BITCOIN 2020 bis 2022 GENAUE PROGNOSE! Holt euch kostenlose 112$ bei Phemex: https://phemex.com/bonus.html?group=37&referralCode=GATWJ So bekommst du di...

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